Male 3900 BC - 3800 BC

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  • Name ABEL  
    Born 3900 BC 
    Gender Male 
    _UID DD077597A2D7C644AE9053B2446483AD8EFA 
    Died 3800 BC 
    • Personal name meaning, breath. Abel’s name is associated with the shortness of life. The second son of Adam and Eve may have been a twin because (Gen 4:2) literally reads, "and she continued to bear his brother Abel". His claim to fame is that by faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain (Heb 11:4). Some have thought that it was the better sacrifice because it was the sacrifice of an animal. However, the emphasis on faith in Hebrews and the idea of a proper offering in the Septuagint translation of (Gen 4:7) suggest that Abel’s offering was made with a correct attitude and in the proper manner. Because of jealousy, Cain killed Abel. (Heb12:24) compares Abel’s blood with Christ’s blood. Abel’s blood calls for vengeance, but Christ’s blood carries with it the idea of forgiveness (Matt 23:35; Luke 11:51; 1 John 1:7). Nevertheless, Abel is outstanding because he was the first person to worship God correctly, to demonstrate faith accurately, and to please God fully. Abel was the first shepherd and influenced the early Hebrews to place a priority on the pastoral life. Also, he was the first man to be murdered and the first human to die.

      Donald R. Potts

      abel (13)

      Gen 4:2 (3), Gen 4:4 (2), Gen 4:8-9 (3), Gen 4:25, Matt 23:35, Luke 11:51, Heb 11:4, Heb 12:24
    Person ID I6  z-Bible Genealogy
    Last Modified 12 Feb 2012 

    Father ADAM,   b. 4004 BC,   d. 3074 BC 
    Mother EVE,   b. 4004 BC,   d. 3070 BC 
    Family ID F1  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family AZURA,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 29 Jul 2019 
    Family ID F2718  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Cain Slaying Abel by Peter Paul Rubens
    Cain Slaying Abel by Peter Paul Rubens

    This painting was restored by the Courtland Gallery in 2011.

    Peter Paul Rubens’ Cain Slaying Abel is one of the most important works in The Courtauld Institute of Art’s pretty staggering collection. But after 400 years of being admired on walls, the famous picture was in a sorry state with warped panels, scratches and scuffs, splitting joins, paint loss and areas of raised craquelure.

    The picture, which was donated to the Courtauld by Count Antoine Seilern in 1978, suffered most from a backing of latticed wood known as a 'cradle' which had been applied to it sometime in the 19th Century.

    The First Mourning by William-Adolphe Bouguereau
    The First Mourning by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

    The First Mourning (in French Premier Deuil) is an oil on canvas painted in 1888 by William-Adolphe Bouguereau. Its dimensions are: 79 7/8 × 99 1/8 inches (203 × 252 cm). This piece of art can be seen at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (Spanish for National Museum of Fine Arts) in Buenos Aires, Argentina.[1]

    This work depicts the moment after Adam and Eve just found the body of their son Abel, who was murdered by Cain. This is the first human death recorded in the Bible. Abel was the first martyr.

    William-Adolphe Bouguereau had suffered the loss of his second son shortly before painting this work.[2]

    Its original name is "Premier Deuil", in French, of which "The First Mourning" is a literal translation.

    Abel - icon by Theophanes the Greek
    Abel - icon by Theophanes the Greek

    Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior on Ilina Street
    Veliky Novgorod, Russia