Gen. BAILEY\BAYLEY Jacob, Sr.

Gen. BAILEY\BAYLEY Jacob, Sr.[1, 2]

Male 1726 - 1815  (88 years)

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  • Name BAILEY\BAYLEY Jacob 
    Prefix Gen. 
    Suffix Sr. 
    Birth 19 Jul 1726  West Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Gender Male 
    Name Jacob Bailey  [3
    _UID B8950D38EB9ED5118A06444553540000C135 
    Death 1 Mar 1815  Newbury, Orange, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4, 5, 6
    Burial Aft 1 Mar 1815  Newbury, Orange, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    General Jacob Bayley gravestone
    General Jacob Bayley gravestone
    General Jacob Bayley military marker
    General Jacob Bayley military marker
    Notes 
    • Jacob Bayley, (1726-1815), who had served in the early wars, was appointed brigadier general of militia, 1776. He was a member of the Committee of Safety and of the first Governor's Council of Vermont. He was born in Newbury, Mass., and died in Newbury, Vt. His son Jacob acted as scout and served through the war.

      Men of Vermont

      Bayley, Gen. Jacob. Washington's most trusted officer in Vermont, who had charge of the protection of the frontier for several years, and who was at different times an advocate of the claims of New York, of the new state, and of New Hampshire to the territory of Vermont, was born at Newbury, Mass., July 2, 1728. He was a captain in the French war in 1736, present at the Fort William Henry massacre in 1757, from which he escaped, and was a colonel under Amherst in the taking of Crown Point and Ticonderoga in 1759. He came to Newbury, Vt., in October, 1764, was in 1775 elected to the New York Provincial Congress, though he did not take his seat, and was one of the most influential men of that part of the state. He was commissioner to administer oaths of office, judge of inferior court of common pleas, and justice of the peace; August 1, 1776, he was appointed brigadier-general of the militia of Cumberland and Gloucester counties, and in 1776 he began work on the celebrated Hazen road, afterward completed by General Hazen, which was designed as a military road from the Connecticut river to St. Johns, Canada.


      "Gen. Jacob Bayley settled first at Hampstead, N.H. in 1748, and raised a company of which he was captain at the commencement of the French and Indian War, 1756. He was at the capture of Fort William Henry and ran the guantlet at the dreadful massacre that occurred by the violation of the plighted faith of the enemy, in August 1757, and was one of those who escaped to Fort Edward. He was commissioned Colonel by General Amherst, and was with him at the taking of Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point in 1759. Standing high in government favor for his military service, he was in 1763 given a charter for a township in Vermont, and removed to Newbury in that state in 1764. He was there appointed brigadier-general, and soon after, by General Washington, commissary-general of the Northern department of the army, a position which involved great responsibilities, and subjected him to dangers, difficulties and sacrifices of an extraordianry character. A reward of five hundred guineas was offered for his capture, dead or alive, and it required constant vigilance to escape the scouts sent from Canada to take him. He made a treaty with the St. Francis tribe of Indians, and was looked up to as a father by them and by the friendly Indians. By means of spies he acquired important intelligence respecting the movements of the British, and rendered great service with his purse, pen and person before and at the time of the capture of Burgoyne. Several of his sons served with him against the British. He sacrificed a large estate in the service of his country for which he never received any compensation. He was judge of probate for Newbury district [VT] in 1778, chief judge of Orange County Court [VT] from 1781 to 1791, excepting the years 1783 and 1784.

      Gen. Jacob Bayley has most appropriately been called the "father of Newbury, Vt." for he was [not] only the original grantee but also the pioneer mover in most of the important early enterprises connected with its settlement. See Well's History of Newbury, Vt. for a very full and interesting account of his life.
      ----------------------------------------------------
      There is much confusion regarding these dates [this statement follows a listing of the birthdates of his children which I've not included here].

      Book I, Hampstead records, has been followed as closely as possible. After Jacob Bayley settled in Hampstead, he became at once active in church and town affairs, and soon showed himself worthy to lead. The town records show that in March 1746, Jacob Bayley had a pew in the meeting house next to Lieut. James Graves' at the left hand of the ally in ye miner tear.' In 1752 the meeting house was apparently still incomplete, and it is recorded that Jacob Bayley bought two pews. He served twice as moderator at the town meetings. He was selectman in 1749, 1756, 1761 and 1762. To be a pewholder at the age of twenty shows a maturity beyond his years. To be elected as selectman at the age of twenty-three is no small distinction.

      It is interesting to note that his memory is still kept green in the town of Hampstead, not by monument of stone bronze, but by a living tree, a beautiful and stately elm on the farm where he lived while a resident of the town. It is known as the General Bayley Elm, and it was growing when he lived there. It is nineteen feet in circumference at a distance of two feet above the ground.

      During the week of Aug. 11-16, 1912, was observed the one hundred fiftieth anniversary of the settlement of Newbury, Vt. of which the town, as aforesaid, General Jacob Bayley was the pioneer, father and founder; the most historical patriot of that region, and the illustrious ancestor of a considerable proportion of its present population. Believing that too long his valuable and self-sacrificing service to his town, state and country had not been fittingly and enduringly recognized, a movement led by Hon. Edwin A. Bayley of Boston, and others of Gen. Bayley's descendants, had resulted in the erection upon Newbury Common of a beautiful granite monument, which was dedicated with appropriate ceremonies upon the afternoon of Aug. 13. Hon. Mr. Bayley's address upon that occassion, which was spirited and masterly, together with the entire anniversary exercises of the week, may be found in the printed reports of the celebration deposited in many of the large libraries, to which the interested reader is referred. The limitations of this work prevent a full summary of the public life and services of Gen. Bayley, conspicuous in his time for special qualities that have given him a place in history, and, better still, in the hearts and lives of his descendants.

      The qualities which made Bayley great were so little paraded for the admiration of the world that it is only now that they are coming to their full recognition. His love of country, patience, clear vision of the end that must be sought and real tenacity in seeking it through all discouragements, his unselfish devotion of effort and estate, made him the necessary man of his day, and his light shines brighter with the passing years. In the varied experiences of his life as pioneer, soldier, statesman, leader of the people in a great emergency, he attained a well-rounded character of power, courage, and balanced judgment, with great and deep convictions, combining courage for action with wisdom to avoid ill-considered venturings. The inscriptions upon the monument embodying the salient points of Gen. Bayley's life and work are: --

      Front ---East View West View
      JACOB BAYLEY A Leading Citizen of Hampstead
      1726 -- 1815 New Hampshire 1746 - 1764.
      - - - - - - - - Founder of this Town 1762
      A Pioneer Secured its First Charter from
      New Hampshire 1763, its Second
      From New York, 1772
      Founder of First Church 1764
      And One of its First Two Deacons
      Of Strong Unselfish Purpose Delegate to New York
      Provincial Congress 1777,
      A Patriot Representative to Vermont
      General Assembly 1777 and 1784,
      Of Uncompromising Fidelity Member of Council of Safety 1777,
      of Court of Confiscation 1777,
      A Soldier of Constitutional Conventions 1777 and
      1793,
      Judge of Court of Common Pleas
      Unstained by Personal Ambition 1772 -- 1777
      Delegate to Continental Congress 1777,
      A Citizen Judge of Probate Court 1778,
      Chief Judge of Supreme Court
      Ever Devoted to the Public Good. Of Gloucester County 1778
      - - - - - - - - Chief Judge of Orange County Court
      Patriot 1783, 1786 -- 1791
      Member of Governor's Council
      Ten Terms 1778, 1786-1794
      - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
      Citizen
      - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

      North View South View
      French and Indian War
      "I Have Nothing Left but My Farm, _____________
      All Else I have Advanced for the Public, Lieutenant 1755, Captain 1757,
      and I Think it Well Spent if I Have Colonel 1760
      Done any Good." ____________
      Siege of Fort William Henry,
      Battles of
      To Perpetuate Ticonderoga and Crown Point
      The Memory of His Distinguished Capture of Montreal.
      And Self-sacrificing Services - ___________
      for His Town Revolutionary War
      His State and His Country, Brigadier General 1776
      This Monument is Erected Commissary General of Northern
      in the Year 1912 Department of Colonial Army 1777
      By Some of His Descendants. - - __________
      - - - - - - - - - -- Battle of Saratoga.
      Pioneer "I am Determined to Fight for
      - - - - - - - - - The United States as Long as I Live
      And Have One Copper in my Hands." - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _________
      Soldier


      SOURCE -- Bayley, Edwin A. & Bailey, Gertrude E., Bayley-Bailey Family -- John of Salisbury Branch; Account of John Bayly of Salisbury, Mass., and some of his Descendants. Vol. I at pp. 60-62, edited by Hollis R. Bailey, Boston, Mass. & founded upon the 1899 compilation of Mrs. Abbie F. Ellsworth (1932).

      He was, in the early years of the struggle between the settlers and New York, one of the most trusted representatives of the authority of the latter, but suddenly changed [p.62] his position in 1777, writing to the New York council under date of June 14, acknowledging the receipt of ordinance for the election of Governor, Senators and Representatives and saying: I am apt to think our people will not choose any member to sit in the state of New York. The people before they saw the constitution were not willing to trouble themselves about a separation from the state of New York, but now almost to a man they are violent for it. He had earlier been chosen by the convention one of the delegates to present Vermont's remonstrance and petition to the Continental Congress, and he was one of the two representatives from Newbury in the Windsor convention of July 17, 1777, that framed the constitution. Less than a year and a half afterwards, he was a leader in the scheme of the Connecticut River towns on both sides of the river to join together and form a new state, and was chairman of the committee that issued, Dec. 1, 1778, a long public defense of their right to do so. In less than two years from that time he was an emphatic and headlong advocate of New Hampshire's jurisdiction over the whole of Vermont, and Nov. 22, 1780, wrote to President Weare of New Hampshire: For my part I am determined to fight for New Hampshire and the United States as long as I am alive and have one copper in my hand.

      But, notwithstanding his erratic state politics, he was unflinchingly faithful to the continental cause, and his later state flops were largely due to his suspicions of the Allens. He warned Washington repeatedly that there was treason afoot. We have half a dozen rascals here, he said, and in 1781 he fully believed that Vermont had been sold out to Canada. British emissaries in the state wrote to Haldimand in that year, that he had been employed by Congress at great expense to counteract underhand whatever is doing for government. He was in 1780 intensely anxious to lead an invasion into Canada the harbor for spoils, thieves, and robbers, as he wrote President Weare. He thought then that the patriot cause was sinking so fast as to make the attempt a vital necessity whatever the risk. He did important service throughout the war in guarding the extensive frontier of two hundred miles, keeping friendship with the Indians, and keeping them employed for the American cause so far as he could. He was in this way constantly in confidential communication with Washington to the end of the war. He was repeatedly waylaid while in the performance of his arduous duties, his house rifled and his papers stolen by the bands of both scouts and lawless men that roamed the forests between the hostile countries. He was a commissary-general during a part of the war.

      He was a member of the famous Council of Safety in 1777, and the next spring was elected to the Governor's Council. He was at Castleton in military service in 1777, but appears to have been acting under his New York commission. For the next few years the Vermonters had no use for him, but in 1793 he was again elected councilor by a close margin over John White. He repeatedly represented his town in the Legislature, and was a judge of Orange county court after that county was organized.

      He died at Newbury, March 1, 1816. He was married, Oct. 16, 1745, to Prudence Noyes. They had ten children, and their descendants have been numerous and respectable.
    Person ID I15355  Noyes Family Genealogy
    Last Modified 8 May 2015 

    Father BAILEY Joshua, Jr.,   b. 30 Oct 1685, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 6 Oct 1760, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 74 years) 
    Mother COFFIN Sarah,   b. 16 May 1686, Haverhill, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 7 Nov 1768, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 82 years) 
    Marriage 4 Feb 1706/7  Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
    Family ID F6770  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 NOYES Prudence,   b. 10 Apr 1725, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1 Jun 1809, Newbury, Orange, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 84 years) 
    Marriage 16 Oct 1745  Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5, 13, 14, 15
    • The Noyes Descendants, Vol. I says 1745.
    Children 
     1. BAILEY Ephraim,   b. 10 Oct 1747, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Yes, date unknown
     2. BAILEY\BAYLEY Abigail,   b. 15 Jan 1748/9, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Yes, date unknown
     3. BAILEY\BAYLEY Noyes,   b. 16 Feb 1750/1, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 6 Aug 1751, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 0 years)
     4. Col. BAILEY\BAYLEY Joshua,   b. 7 Jun 1753, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 3 Jul 1841, Newbury, Orange, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 88 years)
     5. Capt. BAYLEY Jacob,   b. 3 Oct 1755, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 28 Jun 1837, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 81 years)
     6. BAILEY\BAYLEY James,   b. 1 Oct 1757, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Apr 1784 (Age 26 years)
     7. BAILEY\BAYLEY Ephraim,   b. 1 Oct 1757, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1825 (Age 67 years)
     8. BAILEY\BAYLEY Jeffers Amos,   b. 10 Dec 1760, Hampstead, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F5854  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 23 Feb 2024 

    Family 2 [BAYLEY] Mary   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Marriage 1762  [5
    Family ID F14457  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 23 Feb 2024 

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 19 Jul 1726 - West Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Historical marker at the site of Gen. Jacob Bayley's home in Newbury.
    Historical marker at the site of Gen. Jacob Bayley's home in Newbury.

  • Sources 
    1. [S245] Book-Lineage of DAR, p.190.

    2. [S412] Book-Men of Vermont, p.62.

    3. [S221] Book-History of Littleton, NH, Vol 3, p.26.

    4. [S243] Book-Bayley-Bailey Family.

    5. [S744] Periodical-The Essex Antiquarian, V:128.

    6. [S242] Correspondence-Internet-Craig Heberton, 18 Jan 1998 15:51:26 EST.

    7. [S3808] Internet-Find A Grave, Find A Grave Memorial #20912115 [Jack Stevens] 8/19/2012.

    8. [S279] Book-Coffin Gatherings, p.4.

    9. [S284] Book-Coffin Genealogy, p.5.

    10. [S281] Book-VR Newbury, MA; Vol. II - Marriages & Deaths, 2:42.

    11. [S116] Book-Old Families of Salisbury & Amesbury, MA, p.386 (correction of p.46).















































































    12. [S744] Periodical-The Essex Antiquarian, 5:125.

    13. [S65] Book-Noyes-The Noyes Descendants, Vol. I, p.379.

    14. [S217] Book-Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and NH, p.681.

    15. [S3767] Book-Stickney Family, p.445, R929.2 qS854.