CAPEN Barnard[1]

Male 1563 - 1638  (75 years)


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  • Name CAPEN Barnard 
    Birth 1563  Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    _UID 6AF42462AD4A46579D05D2029B281F8C5CA2 
    Death 8 Nov 1638  Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Burial Aft 8 Nov 1638  Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Address:
    Dorchester North Burying Ground 
    Barnard & Joan (Purchase) Capen gravestone
    Barnard & Joan (Purchase) Capen gravestone
    Courtesy of the Dorchester Atheneum.

    Here
    lies the bodies of
    Mr Barnard Capen
    & Mrs Joan Capen his
    wife; He died Nov 8,
    1638 Aged 76 years
    & She died March
    26 [sic], 1653:
    Aged 75 years.

    Notes 
    • Bernard is the spelling of his given name throughout the Dorchester, Mass. records, but the name Barnard is found on his gravestone and subsequent descendants are called Barnard.

      There is no current knowledge regarding the name of Barnard's parents or his actual place of birth. The benchmark knowledge of the immigrant family is from the published bible fly-leaf cited below, which gives specific dates of birth for some of the children, but not where the children were born. While the inference is the children were born at Dorchester in Dorset, England, no descendant apparently has made the effort to search the Dorchester parish records. The Dorset Record Office has parish records that existed at Dorchester prior to 1653 - Holy Trinity [baptisms 1559-1974, marriages 1560-1975, burials 1569-1874]- should any descendant be willing to take on the effort. In the meantime, the following has been uncovered by the memorialist.

      In "The Municipal Records of the Borough of Dorchester, Dorset," edited in 1908 by Charles Herbert Mayo, M.A., are two apparent references to Barnard Capen:

      A "Barnard Calpyn" is included in a list of those that forfeited money for non-appearance at the Autumn 1610 (8 James 1st, 1610) court of Assizes.

      In "Admission of Freeman of the Company of Freeman of the Borough, Minute Book C.6," on Mar. 31, 1631 "Barnard Cawpin, shoomaker," paid 3 shillings for the privilege of being a freeman of Dorchester.

      Aquila Purchis, Barnard's brother-in-law, is mentioned in the same work as the first Master (April 1625-March 1632) of the Trinity School, established in 1623 at the churchyard of Holy Trinity Church at Dorchester, England. Aquila and his wife Ann sailed with Barnard and wife Joan on the unnamed ship from Weymouth in 1633 for Dorchester, Mass. Unfortunately, Aquila died during the voyage.


      According to the fly-leaf of a bible printed in 1615 once owned by a descendant [NEHGR 2:80]:

      Barnard Capen maryed Joan ye dafter of Oliuer Purchis, ye yeer of or Lord, 1596, on munday, in whitson week...

      Whitsun is the contraction for White Sunday, the 7th Sunday after Easter, or Pentecost in the Christian calendar. The following day is called Whit Monday, a name coined to supersede the form "Monday in Whitsun-week,"also known as Pentecost Monday. In Bernard and Joan's own time, Apr. 11th was Easter in the then utilized Julian calendar (Apr. 14th in the modern Gregorian calendar), thus they married in their own time on Monday May 31, 1596 in the Julian calendar (June 3, 1596 in the modern Gregorian calendar).

      Barnard and wife Joan had seven known children, five who settled in New England initially at Dorchester, Mass. It is believed Barnard and Joan arrived on the unnamed ship that sailed from Weymouth, England and reached Boston, Mass. on July 24, 1633. (One recent author suggests the ship may have been the "Elizabeth Bonaventure" after a 12 week passage.) With them may have been son John and certainly youngest dau. Honour, who were both minors in 1633. They may have been accompanied by their married daughter Dorothy Upshall. The older children who married in England likely arrived prior to July 1633. This was certainly the case with son-in-law and dau. William and Susanna (Capen) Rockwell, who arrived May 30, 1630 at present-day Hull, Mass. aboard the celebrated "Mary and John."

      The first mention of Barnard in the Dorchester records is Aug. 5, 1633 regarding a grant of four acres of land to both he and son-in-law Upshall. Barnard's former gravestone, in pieces, was found buried below ground and later kept in storage at the New England Historic Genealogical Society at Boston. The existing gravestone at the 'Old North Burying Ground' is a replica based on the above cited bible leaf published in the January 1848 issue of the NEHGS Register.

      The claim that Barnard's house, built circa 1638, was still in existence in 1909 has since been proved incorrect. The house was actually built in 1675 either by Barnard's son Capt. John Capen or by Capt. John's eldest son John (See Capt. John Capen and photo captions for further detail.)
    Person ID I101548  Noyes Family Genealogy
    Last Modified 27 May 2013 

    Family PURCHASE Joan,   b. CA 1579, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 25 Mar 1653, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 74 years) 
    Marriage 3 Jun 1596  Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • (31 May 1596 in their own time by the Julian calendar.)
    Children 
     1. CAPEN James,   b. 1598, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Sep 1628, Holborn, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 30 years)
     2. CAPEN Susanna,   b. 11 Apr 1602, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 13 Nov 1666, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 64 years)
     3. CAPEN Dorothy,   b. 1603, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 18 Sep 1675, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 72 years)
     4. CAPEN Elizabeth,   b. CA 27 Jan 1610/1, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 26 Jan 1678, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 67 years)
     5. Captain & Deacon CAPEN John, Sr.,   b. 26 Jan 1612, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 4 Apr 1692, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 80 years)
     6. CAPEN Honor,   b. 1616, Dorsetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F40735  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 23 Feb 2024 

  • Sources 
    1. [S3808] Internet-Find A Grave, Find A Grave Memorial #5823815 [Don Blauvelt] 3/3/2010.

    2. [S6296] Periodical-American Ancestors, Spring 2013; 14:19 John Capen; A Sketch From The Early New England Families Study Project.